Publishers' Initials

An alphabetical list of initials, acronyms, abbreviations and trade names used by postcard publishers. This list will be updated on a regular basis.

A

A - Hans Andres, Hamburg & Berlin
A & C B Ltd - A. & C. Black Ltd, London (view)
A. & E.C. - A. & E. Coppock, Blackpool, Lancashire
A. & H. - Art & Humour Publishing Co Ltd, London
A. & M.B. - Albrecht & Meister, Berlin
A. & P., K. - Atkinson & Pollitt, Kendal, Westmorland (view)
A&RA D - A. & R. Adam, Dresden
A. Co. - Acmegraph Co, Chicago, Illinois
AA - American Airlines, New York
A.A. - Anglo American Co, London & New York
AA - A. Auxenfants, Bourges
A.A.A. - Aux Armes d'Aubusson, Aubusson
A.B. - Alfred Banks, Hove
A. B. - André Boucher, Tours (view) (view)
A.B. - A Bouillon, Paris
AB - A. Bruel, Angers (view)
A.B. & Cie. - A Bergerac & Cie, Nancy
ABBA - Alan Bower B.A., Huddersfield, Yorkshire
A.B.D. - Adolf Brendler, Dresden
ABEM - A Baud et Émile Mugnier, Annecy (view)
A.B.L. - A.B.L Editions, Villemolaque
A. C. - Abeille Cartes, Paris (view)
A.C. - Arthur Kapper, Topeka, Kansas
A.C. Co. - Chicago Aerial Survey Co, Elk Grove Village, Illinois
ACACF - Association des Cartophiles Amateurs de Chemins de Fer, Changé
ACB & Co. - A.C. Bosselman & Co, New York
A.C.T. - A Campassi, Torino
A.C.T. - A.C. Trangmar, East London, Cape Province
A. D. - Adolphe Weick, Saint-Dié (view)
AD - Heliotypie Dugas et Cie, Nantes (view)
ADIA - G. Lemaitre & Cie, Nice (view)
Adis - Andreis, Gap (view)
Ad. W. - Adolphe Weick, Saint-Dié
Æ - Axel Eliassons, Stockholm (view)
Æ - Adolph Engel, Berlin
A.E.B. - Alfred & Edward Banks, Hove, Sussex
A.E.M. - Albert Ebner Kunstanstalt, München
A.F.K.H. - Arthur F. Krueger, Hamburg
A.G. - Alain Guinot, Brive
A.G. & Co - G. Ajelli & Co Ltd, London (see GA & Co)
A.G.A. - Gilbert-Photo, Soulac-sur-Mer
AH - Hans Andres, Hamburg & Berlin (see HA)
AH - Albert Hahn, New York
A.H. - Armand Hue, Bordeaux (view)
AH Co - Alfred Holzman, Chicago, Illinois
AHH - Auguste Heintz et Cie, Herstal
A.H.K. - A H Katz, Rueil
A.J.C. - Arthur John Carter, Eastbourne, Sussex
A.K. - A. Kagen, Boston, Massachusetts
A.K.L. - Alfred Krieger, Leipzig
AKO - Verlag Foto-Kohlbauer, Pfronten-Allgäu (view)
A.L. - André Leconte, Paris
A. L. - A. Lenzi, Château d'Oex
AL - Aristophot, Leipzig
AL - Aristophot Co Ltd, London (view)
A.L.-H. - August Lorenz, Hamburg
ALBERT - Albert Dohmen, Bruxelles
ALMA - Alfred Mainzer, Long Island City, New York
ALPHA - Alfred Stiebel & Co/Alpha Publishing Co/Alphalsa Publishing Co Ltd, London (view)
A. M. - A. Mollaret, Grenoble
The A.M. Co. - Art Manufacturing Co, Amelia & Zanesville, Ohio
Amag - Albrecht & Meister, Berlin
The A.M.P. Co. - Alcan Moss Publishing Co, New York
AMW - M.A. Wathen, Wrington, Somerset (view)
A·N - Alfred Noyer Studio, Paris (view) (view)
AN - Artaud-Nozais, Nantes
AN Co. - Atkinson News Co, Tilton, New Hampshire
ANC N.Y. - American News Co, New York
ANCO - Hans Andres, Hamburg & Berlin
A.N.H.3 - A. Neumann, Hamburg
A O B Co - A.O. Boeres, Phoenix, Arizona (in a swastika)
A.O.L. - Albert Oesterreicher, Leipzig
A.Oe.i.L. - Albert Oesterreicher, Leipzig
A. P. - A. Papeghin, Tours & Paris (view) (view)
A.P. - Aéro-Photo, Paris (view)
AP - Atkinson & Pollitt, Kendal, Westmorland
A.P. Co. - Artistic Publishing Co, London
A.P. Co. B. - Avis Publishing Co, Birmingham, Warwickshire
APA - Poux, Albi
A.P.C. & P. Co. - Ashville Post Card Co, Ashville, North Carolina
A.P.C. Co. - Auburn Post Card Manufacturing Co, Auburn, Indiana
A.P.C.C. - Asbury Park Card Co, Asbury Park, New Jersey
A.P.G.A. - Association Phonique des Grands Artistes, Paris
APS-C - Atelier Photographique Studio Carnier, Deauville
AQUA PHOTO - Léopold Verger & Cie, Paris (view) (view)
AQUARETTE - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London (view)
A.R. - A Richard, Paris
A.R. - A. Rittenberg, Durban, Natal (view)
A.R. - August Roekl, Wien
A.R. & .C. iB - Arthur Rehn & Co, Berlin
A.R.D. - A. Rittenberg, Durban, Natal
Argo - Defender Photo Supply, Rochester, New York (photographic paper manufacturer)
ARGRA - Societé des Arts Graphique, Toulouse
Aristo - Eastman Kodak Co, Rochester, New York (photographic paper manufacturer)
Art de Vienne - Leipziger Ansichtskartenfabrik Paul Trabert, Leipzig (view)
Artura - Eastman Kodak Co, Rochester, New York (photographic paper manufacturer)
ARW - Verlag A. Ruegg, Wallisellen-Zürich
A.R.W. - Arw Kiekjes, Java
A.S. - A. Scheers, Brussel
A.S. - Alfred Schweizer, Hamburg
A.S. - Andrew Smith, Surbiton, Surrey (view)
AS - As de Cœur (Artaud Frères, Carquefou; Apa Poux, Albi; Société PEC, Septemes-les-Vallons; Protet, Dole)
A.S.B. - Alfred Schulze, Berlin
A.S.B. - Arthur Schürer & Co, Schöneberg, Berlin
A.S.B. - Alfred Silbermann, Berlin
A.S. Co. - Arthur Schürer & Co, Schöneberg, Berlin
A.S. Co. - Artistic Stationery Co, Toronto, Ontario
ASCO - Arthur Schürer & Co, Schöneberg, Berlin (view) (view)
ASM - Attilio Scrocchi, Milano (view)
A.S.M. - Alfred Seyboldt, München
A.S.M. - Ars Sacra München, Verlag Josef Müller, München
A.S.O. - Alfred Savage, Oxford, Oxfordshire
A. St., Inc. - Adolph Selige, St Louis, Missouri
A.S.P. Co. - Alfred Selige Publishing Co, St Louis, Missouri
AT - A. Tomasia, Ajaccio
AT - Alberto Traldi, Milano (view)
AT - Beals, Des Moines, Iowa
A.T.L. - Aristophot AG, Taucha & Leipzig
A.T.V. - Angel Toldrá Viazo, Barcelona
AV - American Views Inc, New York
AVL - A. Veronesi, Lugano
AVM - A. Van Mieghem, Oostende
A.W. - Wesley Andrews Co, Portland, Oregon
A W - Armand Waron, Saint-Brieuc
A.W. & F.T. - August Warncke & F. Trute, Harburg
A.W.H. - August Warncke, Harburg
AWK - A.W. Kafemann GmbH, Danzig
A.W.R. - A.W. Rosenzweig, Zürich
Awuco - A. Weber & Co, Stuttgart (view)
A.W.W. - Alfred William Wardell, Brighton & Worthing, Sussex (view)
A.Y. - A.W. Yallop, Yarmouth, Norfolk
AZO - Eastman Kodak Co, Rochester, New York (photographic paper manufacturer) (view)

B

B. - L. Beard, Atlantic City, New Jersey
B - Paul Bender, Zollikon-Zürich
B - Boots Cash Chemist, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire (view)
B - W. Bramley, Leeds, Yorkshire (view)
The B - Barton & Spooner, Cornwall, New York
B. & C. - Benn & Cronin, Southwick & London
B. & Co. - Bamforth & Co, Holmfirth, Yorkshire
B. & Co. - Bradford & Co, St Joseph, Michigan
B & Co Ltd - Bamforth & Co, Holmfirth, Yorkshire (view) (view)
B. & D. - Blum & Degen, London (view)
B. & F. - Briquet & Fils, Genève (view)
B & G - Baise et Goutagny, Lyon (view)
B. & G.B. - Bisset and Gilmour, Burntisland, Fife
B. & L. - Braune & Levy, Johannesburg, Transvaal
B+P - Beringer & Pampaluchi, Zürich
B. & R. - Brown & Rawcliffe Ltd, Liverpool, Lancashire
B. & W. - Brown & Woodley, Hastings, Sussex
B Co. - Bamforth & Co, Holmfirth, Yorkshire (view)
B Co - Benham Co, Los Angeles, California (in a swastika)
B A C - British Art Co, London (view)
BAP Co. - Brooklyn Art Publishing Co, New York
BB - Barkalow Bros, Omaha, Nebraska & Denver, Colorado (first B backwards)
B.B. - Berger Bros Publishers, Providence, Rhode Island
BB - Birn Brothers, London (view) (view) (view) (view)
BB - Brown & Bigelow Inc, St Paul, Minnesota (first B backwards)
B.B. & O.i.L. GmbH - Bruno Bürger und Ottilie GmbH, Leipzig
B.B. & O.L. GmbH - Bruno Bürger und Ottilie GmbH, Leipzig
B.C. - Braun, Clement & Co, Paris
B.C. - British Colonial Hotel, Nassau, Bahamas
B.C.C. - Braun, Clement & Co, Paris
B.C.E. - Brighton Camera Exchange, Brighton, Sussex
B.C.Ex. - Brighton Camera Exchange, Brighton, Sussex
B C H - Buchhandlung Conrad Hundt Co, Bad Wildungen
B.D. - M. Barré & J. Dayez, Paris
B.D. - J. Bauchart-Dupont, Roubaix
B.D.C. - Boy's Dept, Central YMCA, Brooklyn, New York
Begro - Beger & Roeckel, München
B.F. - Balconnier Frères, Paris
B.F. - Berthaud Frères, Paris (view) (view) (view)
B. F. - Bourgeois Frères, Chalon-sur-Saône (view)
BF/C - Braune & Franssen, Johannesburg, Transvaal
BFC/J - Braune & Franssen, Johannesburg, Transvaal
BFC/JHB - Braune & Franssen, Johannesburg, Transvaal
B.F. S.G. - Béguin Fils, Saint-Gérand-le-Puy (view)
B.G.B.S. - Bruno Goerz-Beuerle Postkarten-Kunstverlag, Saarbrücken
B. G. P. - Giovanni Bucaro, Palermo (view)
B.H. Co. - Bagby Howe Drug Co, Louisville, Kentucky
BHH - Bernhard Heimann, Hamburg
B.I.T. Co. - Benham Indian Trading Co, Los Angeles, California
B.J.C. - Etablissements Photo-Colore, Paris
B.K.W.I. - Brüder Köhn, Wien
BL - Brüder Lenz, Dobl bei Graz (view)
BM & Cie - Bauer, Marchet & Cie, Dijon
B.M. & Co. - B. Marks & Co
B.N.K. - Berlin-Neuroder Kunstanstalten, Berlin
B.P.Co. Ltd. - Bell's Photo Co. Ltd., Leigh-on-Sea & Westcliffe-on-Sea, Essex (view)
B.P.C. Co. - Bradford Postcard Co, Milton, Vermont
B.P.C. Co. - Braun Post Card Co, Cleveland, Ohio
B.P.C. Co. - Broadway Post Card Co, New York
BPC Co Inc - Brooklyn Post Card Co, New York
B. P. H. & Co. - Bernard P. Hall & Co, Bakewell, Derbyshire & Sheffield, Yorkshire (view)
BR. - Bloc Frères, Bordeaux (view)
B.R. Co. - Boughton Robbins Co, Spokane, Washington
BRL D - Brown & Rawcliffe Ltd, Liverpool, Lancashire (view)
BS - Brontë Society, Haworth, Yorkshire
B.S. - B. Sirven, Toulouse & Paris
B.S. - Barton Spooner Co, Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York
BSB - Grange Books, Rochester, Kent
B SC - Baudel, Saint-Céré
BSR Co - B.S. Reynolds Co, Washington, D.C.
B.S.W. - Black & Schmidt, Wien
B.V.C. - Brighton View Company, Brighton, Sussex
B.V.Co. - Brighton View Company, Brighton, Sussex
B.W. - Brown & Woodley, Hastings, Sussex
B.Y. Co. - Blanchard, Young & Co, Providence, Rhode Island
B.Z. - Paul Bender, Zürich

C

C. - Helen A. Casterline, Buffalo, New York
C. & Co. - Frank A. Cunningham, Cincinnati, Ohio
C. & H.G. - C. & H. Gurnsey, London
C. & O. - Chessler & Oberender, Baltimore, Maryland
CA - Cartes Abeille, Paris
CA & Co - Carl Andelfinger & Co, München (view)
C.A. & Co., M. - Carl Andelfinger & Co, München
C.A.K. - C.A. King Cigar & News Store, Geneva, New York
CAP - Compagnie (Alsacienne) des Arts Photomécaniques, Strasbourg & Paris (view) (view) (view) (view) (view) (view)
C.A.R. - Edward V. Carcavallo, Napoli
CAT - Charles A. Townsend, Belfast, Maine
C.B. & Co. - Collins Brothers & Co, Sydney
C.B.H. - C.B.H. Manufacturing Co, Wisconsin
C.B.S. - College Book Store, Kingston, Ontario
C.-C. - G.M.H. Coleby-Clarke, London
C.C. - C. Carrache, Pau
CC - A.H.C. Corder, Brighton, Sussex
C C & C C - Charles Collas et Cie, Cognac (view)
C.C. Co. - Carolina Card Co, Asheville, North Carolina
C.C.C. - Cassens Card Co, Belfast, Maine
CCCC - Commercial Colortype Co, Chicago, Illinois
C.C.E. Co. - Central City Engraving Co, Syracuse, New York
C.C.G.R. - Cargill Co, Grand Rapids, Michigan
C.C.M. & S. - C.C. Meinhold & Soehne, Dresden
CCT - Charles Clifford Towner, Ridgewood, Sussex
Cecami - Cesare Capello, Milano (view)
CEDOSA - Comercial Escudo de Oro, S.A., Barcelona
Cellofix - Kraft & Steudel, Dresden (photographic paper manufacturer)
C.F.I.P. - Compagnie Française d'Imprimerie et de Papeterie, Paris (view)
C.G.F. - Comptoir Général du Fumeur, Tours
C.G.L. - Carl Garte, Leipzig
C.H. - H. Chipault, Boulogne-sur-Seine
C.H. - Cave & Hurley, Sydney
C.H.N.C. - C.H. Nadin, Chesterfield, Derbyshire
C.H.P. - C.H. Pease, Canaan, Connecticut
C.H.P. - C. Harrison Price, Croydon, Surrey
C.H.S. - Charles H. Seddon, Providence, Rhode Island
C.I.C.L. - C.I. Cassells, Liverpool, Lancashire
Cim - Combier Imprimeur (Jean Combier), Mâcon (view)
C.J. - Charles Jalby, Albi
C.J. - C. Jeangette, Paris
C.J. - C. Jordi, Havana
CJS - Bergwelt Verlag C. Jurischek, Salzburg (view)
C K D - Cramers Kunstanstalt, Dortmund
CKT - Carl Künzli-Tobler, Zürich (Künzli-Tobler Co, Zürich) (view)
C. L. B. - Établissements C. Lardier, Besançon (view)
C. L. C. - Charles L'Hôpital, Paris (view)
C.L.I. - Carl Lampe, Innsbruck (view)
C.L.N.P. - Cie Lyonnaise de Navigation de Plaisance, Lyon
C.L.W. - Charles LeWars, Reading, Pennsylvania
C.M. - C. Malcuit, Paris (view)
C.M. & Co. - C. Modena & Co, London
C.M. & S. - Carl Mueller & Son, Hamburg
CMZ - Christian Ferdinand Meisser, Zürich (view)
C.N.C. Co. - C.N. Caspar, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
COLOTINT - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London (view)
Co. Ph. Z. - Photoglob Co, Zürich
Cosmo - Pacific Photo Paper Co, San Francisco, California (photographic paper manufacturer)
COSY - Cosy-Verlag, Alfred Gründler, Salzburg
C.P. - C.R. Pinchbeck, Hull, Yorkshire
C.P. - Commercial Prat, Ripoll, Catalonia
C.P. Co. - Classic Photo Co (Percival Joseph Hammond), Brighton, Sussex
C.P.C. - City Postcard Co, London
C.P.C. - Clear Pool Camp, Carmel, New York
C.P.C. - Cotswold Publishing Co Ltd, Wotton-Under-Edge, Gloucestershire
C.P.C. - Studio C. P. C., Eauze
C.P.C.C.M. - Continental Post Card Co, Manchester, Lancashire
C.P.C. Co. - Central Post Card Co, Fort Scott, Kansas
C.P.C. & N. Co. - Century Post Card & Novelty Co, New York
C.P.I. - La Chambre Syndicale Française des Éditeurs de la Carte Postale Illustrée, Paris
C.P.I. - Columbia Polytechnic Institute, Washington, D.C.
C.P.N. - Comptoir de Phototypie, Neuchâtel (view) (view)
C.P.P.C. - Cerio Photo-Printing Co
C. P. T. - The Cairo Post Card Trust, Cairo (view)
CR & Co - Curzon Robey & Co, New York
C.R.C. - Charles R. Childs, Chicago, Illinois
CRP - The Cornish Riviera Press Ltd, Truro, Cornwall
C S - N. Coll Salieti, Barcelona
C.S. - Jean Amédée Clément Sans, Saurat
C.S. - Charles Soyez, Lille
C.S.L. - Canada Steamship Lines, Montreal (view)
C.T. - Charles Tarrow, Middletown, New York
C.T. - Champeaud & Terrasson, Limoges
CT Co - Curt Teich Co, Chicago, Illinois (view)
CTK - Carl Künzli-Tobler, Zürich (see CKT)
C.T./L. - Champeaud & Terrasson, Limoges
C.T.M. - Carl Thoericht, Hannoversche Münden
C.V. - Charles Voisey, London
CV Co - Cardinell-Vincent Co, San Francisco, Oakland & Los Angeles, California (view)
C.W. & Co. Ltd. - Charles Worcester & Co Ltd, Bristol
CWH - Charles W. Hughes, Mechanicville, New York (view)
Cyko - Anthony & Scovill Co (Ansco), Binghamton, New York (photographic paper manufacturer)
cZco - Zinco Collotype Co, Edinburgh

D

D - Postkartenverlag Donauland, Wien (view)
D&B - Danziger & Berman, New Haven, Connecticut
D & M - Divald & Monostory, Budapest
D. és M. Bp. - Divald és Monostory, Budapest (view)
D&SB - Deubner & Scholze, Bautzen
D. & S.K. - Davidson & Son, Kirkcaldy, Fife
D. & W. - Dearden & Wade, Bournemouth, Hampshire
D. & W. - Druz & Warnery, Genève (view)
D.A.G.B. - Dondorf Kunstverlag AG (Paul Pittius), Berlin
D.B. - Danziger & Berman, New Haven, Connecticut
D.B. - F.B. den Boer, Middleburg
D.B.E. - Durie, Brown & Co, Edinburgh
DBL - Daniell Bros., Lewisham, London
D. C. & Co. - D. Craig & Co, Christchurch, NZ
D.C. Ltd. - D Constance Limited, London & Littlehampton, Sussex
D Co B - Dammeyer & Co, Berlin
DD - Daniel Delboy, Mirecourt
D.E. & S. Ltd. - David Eisner & Son Ltd (City Postcards), London
Degi - Deutsche Gemälde Industrie Georgi & Co, Leipzig
D-E-H-I - Deutsche Erfindungen, Milano (view)
DEHI - Deutsche Erfindungen, Milano (view)
DELTA - Εμμανουήλ Διακάκης και Υιός, Απελλού, Αθήνα [Emmanuel Diakakis and Son, Apellou, Athens] (view)
D F - Dames de France (view)
D.F. & Co. - Delittle, Fenwick & Co, York (view) (view)
D.F.W. - Dresdner Farbenfotografische Werkstätte (A.P. Walther), Dresden
D.G.M. - Dell’Anna & Gasparini, Milano
DIX - A. Monod, Paris (succeeded by E. David & G. Piprot)
D.J.H. - Deutsches Jugendherbergswerk, Hamburg
D.K.B. - Divald Károly, Budapest
D.K.L.T. Co. - Deutscher Kunstverlag Trinks & Co, Leipzig
DM & Co. Ltd - Dobson, Molle & Co Ltd, Edinburgh & London
D.M.W. - Deane, Martin & Wiles, Brighton
DN - Discours-Noël, Rouen
DN - Drukarnia Narodowa S.A., Kraków
D.N.S. - Dernieres Nouvelles de Strasbourg
D.P. - Dawkes & Partridge, Wells, Somerset
dp - Thomas Dexter Press, West Nyack, New York (view)
D.P.F. Co., Inc. - Doubleday-Foster Photo Co Inc, Chicago, Illinois
DR - Doncaster Rotophot Co Ltd, Doncaster, Yorkshire (view)
Dr. A.K. W. - Dr A. Kurz AG, Wernigerode (photographic paper manufacturer)
DRG - Dickinson Robinson Group, Bristol (view)
DSB NY - Darwin D. Silberer & Bros, New York
D.T.C., L. - Dr Trenkler & Co, Leipzig (view)
DT Co. - Dr Trenkler & Co AG, Leipzig (view)
D.T. Co. A.G. - Dr Trenkler & Co AG, Leipzig
DVP - District View Publishing Co, Leicester
DW - Dearden & Wade, Bournemouth, Hampshire (view)
D.W.M. - Deane, Wiles & Millar, Brighton

E

E - Elgate Postcards, Thanet (view)
E - Martin Schlesinger GmbH, Berlin (on the sail of a boat)
E. & B., Ltd - Edwards & Bryning Ltd, Rochdale, Lancashire (view)
E. & B. Ltd., R. - Edwards & Bryning Ltd, Rochdale, Lancashire
E. & Co. B. - Edwards & Co, Birmingham, Warwickshire
E. & S. - Eason & Son Ltd, Dublin & Belfast
E&S - Eschebach & Schaefer, Leipzig
E. A. - Edgar Alexander Ltd, London (view)
E.A. - Edward Austin, Hove, Sussex
E A - Etablissements Albanu, Paris (view)
E.A.G.F. - E.A. Gotz, Franzenbad
EAL - Edizioni A. Longo, Ravenna (view)
E.A.P. - Établissements Artistiques Parisiens, Paris
EAS - E. A. Schwerdtfeger, Berlin & London (view)
EAS - E.A. Seemann, Leipzig
EAS - Editions Alexandre Sirecky, Oran
E.B. & Co. i.B. - Eduard Buettner & Co, Berlin
E. B. & E. - Ely, Boynton & Ely, Detroit, Michigan
E.B.T. Co. - Emery, Bird, Thayer Co, Kansas City, Missouri
E. C. - Edmond Cailteux, Lille (view)
E. C. & S. Ltd.—B. - Edwin Coppock & Son, Blackpool, Lancashire
E.C.B. - Edwin Coppock, Blackpool, Lancashire (view)
E.C.K. - E.C. Kropp Co, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
E.C.K. Co. - E.C. Kropp Co, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
E.D.L. - Emile Dumont, Liege
EDW Co. - E.D. West Co, South Yarmouth, Massachusetts (view)
Ed. B. - Édouard Bouvry, Arras
E.F.A. - Excelsior Fine Art Publishing Co, London (view)
EFFKA - Fritz Korf, Hamburg
E.F. I.U. - Eyboulet Frères, Imprimerie, Ussel
E.G. - Émile Greningaire, Paris
EGB - Esmond G. Barnhill, St Petersburg, Florida
E G Co. - Edward Gross Co, New York
Egemes - E.G. May Soehne, Frankfurt am Main
E.H. - Émile Hamonic, Saint-Brieuc
E.H. - E. Harmignies, Paris
EHH - Ernest H. Heiland, Jersey City, New Jersey
E.J. & Co., S. - Edwin Jones & Co, Southampton (view)
E.J.H. - E.J. Hey & Co Ltd, London
EKA - Vereinigte Fabriken Photographischer Papiere AG, Dresden (photographic paper manufacturer)
EKC - Eastman Kodak Co, Rochester, New York (photographic paper manufacturer)
E.K.M. - Emil Köhn, München
E.K.N. - Emil Köhn, Nürnburg
E.L. - Theodor Eismann (Theochrom), Leipzig
E.L. - Theodore Eisman (Theochrome), New York
E.L. - Emile Lacour, Marseille (view) (view)
Elcé - L. Chatagneau, Bordeaux
E·L·D - Ernest-Louis-Désiré Le Deley, Paris (view)
Elfe - Labouche Frères, Toulouse
Ellanbee - Landeker & Brown, London (view) (view)
Ellen - Lévy et Neurdein Réunis, Paris
E.L.P. Co. - East London Printing Co, London
E.L.S. - E. L. Scrivens & Co Ltd, Doncaster, Yorkshire
E.M. - C. Malcuit, Paris
E.M. - E. Minka, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
EM B - E. Maquaire, Bourges
E.M.T. - E.M. Cliché, Tunis
E.N.N. - E. Nister, Nürnberg
E.N.O. - I.L. Eno, San Diego, California
E.P. - E. Pouteau
E.P. & Co. A.-G., L. - Emil Pinkau & Co. A.G., Leipzig
E.P. & P. - Empire P. & P. Co, New York
EPA - Éditions Photos Africaines, Alger
E.P.A. - Phototypie Établissement Photo Albert, Alger
E.P.A. - Collection Étoile-Photo Albert, Alger
EPP Co - Earle Photo Paper Co, Chicago, Illinois (photographic paper manufacturer)
E.R. - E. Rabus, Paris
ER - E. Richter, Roma
E.R.G. & Co. - Edward Rhodes Green & Co, Blackpool
Ergé - R Girard, Grenoble
ERGO - Vereinigte Fabriken Photographischer Papiere AG, Dresden (photographic paper manufacturer)
ERIKA - Paul Süss AG, Dresden (view)
ERKAL - Regel & Krug, Leipzig
E.R.T. - Ensch-Rochat, Thorigny-Lagny
ES - E.S. Berchem, Anvers
ES - E. Sborgi, Firenze
E.S. - Empire Series, Pictorial Post Card Co Ltd, London (view)
E. S. - E. Stévenard, Boulogne-sur-Mer (view)
E.S. - Ernst G. Svanstrom, Stockholm
ES D - Edgar Schmidt, Dresden
E.S.W. - E. Storch, Wien
E.T.B. - E.T. Brown, Umtali
Étoile - Établissements Photographiques de G. Piprot, Paris
E.T.B. - E. Taylor, Beverley, Yorkshire
E.T.W.D. - E.T.W. Dennis, Scarborough, Yorkshire
E.T.W.D. & S. - E.T.W. Dennis & Sons Ltd, Scarborough, Yorkshire
E.V.F. - Eugène Vignon, Senlis
E.v.K. - Edmund von König, Heidelberg (view)
E.V.R. - Enrico Verdesi, Roma (view) (view)
E.W.E. - E.W. Eland, East London, Cape Province
EWS - E.W. Savory Ltd, Bristol

F

F - Francis Frith & Co Ltd, Reigate (view)
F. & Co. - Forsyth & Co, Cape Town, Cape Province
F. & S. - Frye & Smith Ltd, San Diego, California
F. & W. - Fisher & Wittig, Leipzig
F.A.O. Co. - F.A. Owen Co, Dansville, New York
FAS - Fine Art Studio, London
F.A.S. - Frederick A. Stokes Co, New York
F.C. - Fred Coppard, Worthing, Sussex
F.C.C. - Frederick Charles Cooper, Eastbourne, Sussex
F.C.M. & Co. - F.C. Morgan & Co
F.E.C. - Frank E. Cooper, New York
F.E.D. - Friedrich Eyfried, Düsseldorf
F.F. - Fernand Fleury, Paris (view)
FF. - Francis Foot, St Helier, Jersey (view)
F.F. & Co. - F. Frankel & Co, London (view)
F.F. & Co. - Francis Frith & Co Ltd, Reigate, Surrey
F. G. - F. Gambier, Le Touquet
F.G.B. - Finkenrath & Grasnick, Berlin
F.G.R. - Frederick George Radcliffe, Whangarei (view)
F.G.S. Co. - Frank G. Smith Co, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
F G T Co. - F. G. Temme Co, Orange, New Jersey
F.H. - Frederick Hartmann, London
FH - Franz Huld, New York
F.H.G.- Frederick Henry Gradwell, Taupo
F.H.N.Y. - Franz Huld, New York
F.I.F. - Façonnage d'Île-de-France
F.J. & S. B - Fred Jones & Sons, Birmingham, Warwickshire
F.J.H.M. - Franz Josef Huber, München
F.J.P. - F.J. Jedlička, Praha (view)
F.K. - F. Kehrhan & Co, Bexley Heath, Kent
F.K. - Felix Korn, Stuttgart
F.K.D. - Krille & Martin, Dresden
F K G - Franz Knollmüller, Graz (view)
FL - A.-F. Laclau, Toulouse
F.L. - Frédéric Laugier, Nice
FLOR - Marceau Carrière, Niort (view)
F.M. - F. Martin, Mexico City
F.M. - Ferenz-Martini, New York
F.M. - Floyd McCoy, Pitcairn Island
F.M.K. - F. Manger, Köln am Rhein
F.M.S. - Frank Meadow Sutcliffe, Whitby (view)
F.N.Y. - Fairman Co, New York
Fotocelere - Angelo Campassi, Torino (photographic paper manufacturer)
Foto Sam - Attilio Scrocchi, Milano (view)
F.O.W. - Fredereick O. Wolter, Berlin
F.P. - Fantaisies Parisiennes, Alès
FP Ltd. - Fleetway Press Ltd, Holborn, London
F.P.P. Co. - Fort Pitt Publishing Co, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania
F Ph G - Farbenphotographische Gesellschaft, Stuttgart
F.S.O. - A. Savage, Oxford(?)
F.T. - Tanner Bros., Wellington, New Zealand
F.T. - Fergusson Taylor & Co, Sydney & London
F T - François Tourmen, Brest (view)
F.T. - F. Trute, Harburg
F.T. & Co. - Fergusson Taylor & Co, Sydney & London
F.W.H. - F.W. Haverman, Brooklyn, New York
F.W.K.R. - F.W.K. Reed, Bangor, Maine

G

G. - Sam Gabriel, New York
G - Verlagsanstalt Grapha, Wien
G - J.F. Grimm & Co, London (in a diamond)
G. & Co. - Giesen Bros & Co, London
G. & H. - Gill & Hardwick, East London, Cape Province
G. & M. - Gerstenberger & Mueller, Bozen
G & P - Gale & Polden Ltd, London, Aldershot & Portsmouth (view) (view) (view)
G&S - Gut & Steers, New York
G&S N.Y. - Gut & Steers, New York
G.A. - Gebrüder Arnold, Leipzig
G.A. - Georges Agelou, Paris
G.A. - German-American Novelty & Art Co, New York
GA & Co - G. Ajelli & Co Ltd, London
G.A. Co. - Gibson Art Co, Cincinnati, Ohio
G.A.B. - Granbergs, Berlin
Gaby - Gabriel Artaud, Nantes
GB - Grand Bazar, Tours
G.B. - G. Budricks, Cape Town, Cape Province
G.B. & Co. - Giesen Brothers & Co, London (view)
GB & Co. - G. Budricks, Cape Town, Cape Province
G.B. & Co., F. A/M. - Gerhard Blümlein & Co, Frankfurt am Main
G.B. & Sons - George Bagshaw & Sons, Sheffield, England
G. B. P. - Giovanni Bucaro, Palermo
G.B. V - Giovanni Bucaro, Viterbo
G.C. - George Chapman, Hastings, Sussex
G.C. - Gravecraft Card Co, Danville, Virginia
GCM - Mourgues, Castres
G.D. & D. - Gottschalk, Dreyfuss & Davis Co Ltd, London (view)
GD&D L - Gottschalk, Dreyfuss & Davis Co Ltd, London (view)
G. D. & D. L. - Gottschalk, Dreyfuss & Davis Co Ltd, London (view)
G DES 2 P - Galeries des Deux-Passages, Boulogne-sur-Mer
G.D.L. - Gebrüder Dietrich, Leipzig
G.D'O. - J. Gouttefangeas, Olliergues
GEEM - Glueckstadt & Muenden, Hamburg
G.F. - Germain Fils, Saint-Malo (succeeded by T. Guérin) (view)
GF - Gordon Fraser Gallery, Primrose Hill, London (view)
G.F. - G. Friedrich, Leipzig
G.F.CH.K.M. - Gesellschaft fuer Christliche Kunst GmbH, München
G.F. Co. - Gustave Fischer Co, Hartford, Connecticut
G.G. - Gutmann & Gutmann, New York
G.G. Co. - Georg Gerlach AG, Berlin (view) (view)
G.G.K. - Gesellschaft fuer Graphische Kunst, Berlin
G.G.M. - Gebr. Garloff, Magdeburg
G G S - G. Giovanardi, Sydney
G.H.D. - George H. Davies, Queenstown
G. H. Ed., A. - Gustave Hermans, Anvers
GJ GA - Graphisches Institut Gebrueder Arnold, Leipzig
GJG - Editions G. Jaeger, Genève (view)
GK - Georg Kugelmann, Hannover
G KA - Granbergs Konstindustri Aktiebolags, Stockholm & Berlin (view)
G.K.B. - Gustav Kisow Kunstverlag, Berlin
G.K.V.B. - Graph. Kunst und Verlagsanstalt, Berlin-Schöneberg
G.L. - Gorlier, Lille
G.L. - Guyot-Larchon, Agon-Coutainville
G.L. Co. - Gustav Liersch & Co, Berlin (view)
GLA - G.-L. Arlaud, Lyon
G.L.M. - G. Lips, Montreux
G-M - Guende Maillard, Marseille
G.M. - G. Mataloni, Richter & Co, Napoli
G.M.C. Co. - Green Mountain Card Co, White River Junction, Vermont
G.M.F. Ltd. - Garnett, Mepham & Fisher Ltd, Brighton
G.M.S. - Green Mountain Studios, White River Junction, Vermont
GM T - Gebrüder Metz Kunstanstalt, Tübingen (view)
G.N. Co. - Gray News Co, Salt Lake City, Utah
G.N.R. - Great Northern Railway, London
G.O.M. - Gebrüder Obpacher AG, München
G.P. - G. Picard, Paris
G.P. - Gale & Polden, London, Portsmouth & Aldershot
GP & S - George Pulman & Sons Ltd, London
G P Co - Grogan Photo Co, Danville, Illinois (photographic paper manufacturer)
G.P.M. - G. Pini, Modena
GPP - Golden Peninsula Photo, Bangkok (view)
Grafolux - R. Scoffone, Torino (view)
G.R.C. - G. Ricordi & C, Milano
GS - Gowen Sutton Co Ltd, Vancouver, British Columbia
G SEDA - Grafia, Sezione Edizione d'Arte, Roma (view)
G.S.K.B. - George Selle Kunstverlag, Berlin
G.T. Co. - Gospel Times Co, Anderson, Indiana
Guy - André Leconte, Paris
G.V.E. - George Vivian Marmaduke Edge, Bluff
GW - G.E. Watson, Long Beach, California
GWD - Graphische Werke GmbH, Dresden
G.W.W. - George Washington Wilson & Co Ltd, Aberdeen

H

H. - Henderson Litho Co, Cincinnati, Ohio
H - Colección Herman, Montevideo (view)
H. - Hockland Co, Germany
H. - Horwitz Brothers Co, Elmira, New York
H&B - Harding & Billing, Sydney & Auckland
H & B - Hoursch & Bechstedt, Köln am Rhein (view)
H. & Co. - Hallis & Co, Port Elizabeth, Cape Province
H. & Co. P. E. - Hallis & Co, Port Elizabeth, Cape Province (view)
H&L - H & L Enterprises, San Diego, California
H. & S. - Hayton & Son, Carlisle, Cumberland
H. & V. St. - Hochstetter & Vischer, Stuttgart
H. Co. - F.G. Henry Co, New York
HA - Hans Andres Verlag, Hamburg & Berlin (view)
H.A. & Co. - H. Alwin & Co, London
HA CO - Haering & Co, München
Hallmark - Hall Brothers, Kansas City, Missouri
HB - Heliophot (Peter Michaelis), Berlin
H.B. - Horwitz Brothers Co, Elmira, New York
H.B. - Hotel Bond, Hartford, Connecticut
H.B. - Hoursch & Bechstedt, Köln am Rhein
H.B. & S. - Harvey Barton & Son, Bristol
H.B. & S. B. - Harvey Barton & Son, Bristol
H. B. & S. Ltd. - Harvey Barton & Son, Bristol (view)
H.B. & Son, Ltd., B. - Harvey Barton & Son, Bristol
H.B. Ltd. - Hutson Brothers Ltd, London (view)
H.C. & S. - H. Coates and Son, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire
H.C.B.W-B. - H.C.B. Wylde-Brown, Estcourt, Natal (view)
HDH - Verlag Hubmann, Wien
HDK - Haus der Deutschen Kunst, München
HEH Ltd - H.E. Howarth Ltd, Fleetwood, Lancashire (view)
H.G. - Henri Georges, Bruxelles
H. G. & Co., Z. - H. Guggenheim & Co, Zürich (view)
H.G.G.W.L. - H. Graham Glen, Wortley, Leeds, Yorkshire
H.G.K. - Henry George Keyse, Gloucestershire, Kent & Surrey and Onboard Ship
H.G.L. - Henry Garner - Living Picture Post Card Co, Leicester
H.H. - Harold Hahn Co, New Haven, Connecticut
H.H. Co. - The H. Hagemeister Co, New York
H.H. Co. - Henry Heininger Co, New York
H. H. H. - George Holdsworth, Hepworth, Huddersfield, Yorkshire (view)
H.H.T. Co. - H.H. Tammen Co, Denver, Colorado
H.J.W. - Henry Wykes, Paris
HK - Hartmans Kortförlag, Uppsala (view)
H.K. & Co., M. - Kunstanstalt Hans Kohler & Co, München
HK & Co M - Hans Kohler & Co, München
HL - Lichtenstern & Harari, The Cairo Postcard Trust, Cairo (see LH)
HL - Henry Ling, Dorchester, Dorset
HL Co - Hugo Lang & Co, Liverpool, Lancashire
HL Co - Hugh C. Leighton Co, Portland, Maine
HLM - Henri Le Maillot, Saint-Malo (view)
H.L.N. & Co. - H.L. Nichols & Co, Nampa, Idaho
H.L.W. B NY - H.L. Woeler, Buffalo, New York
HM - Hauser y Menet, Madrid (view)
H.M.-M. - Hauser y Menet, Madrid (view)
H. M. & Co. - Henry Moss & Co, London (view)
H. N. à A. - H. Nacken et Cie, Anvers
H·O·T· - H.O. Taylor, Scarborough, Yorkshire (view)
H.P. - H. Phillips, Katoomba, New South Wales
H.P.C. Co. - Harry P. Cann & Bros. Co, Baltimore, Maryland
HRZ - Kunstverlagsanstalt Hermann Richter, Zittau
HS - Hans Storms, Mönchengladbach
H.S.M. - Herbert Sydney Marfleet, Totland Bay, Isle of Wight (view)
H.S.M. - Hermann Sonntag & Co, München
H S M - Huecograbado de Santiago Mumbrú, Barcelona (view)
HSM - Huseini Stationery Mart Ltd, Mombasa
H.S.T. - H. Sting, Tubingen
H.S.V. - H.S.V. Lithograph Co, New York
H.St.C. - Herman Striemann, Cottbus
H.T.C. - H.T. Cook, New York
H. u. V. St. - Hochstetter & Vischer, Stuttgart
H.V. & Co. - H. Vertigan & Co, London
H.V. AVIA - H. Van Acker, Uccle-Bruxelles
H.W.B. - Herbert William Bowden, Ninfield, Sussex
H.W.B. - Hermann Wolff, Berlin
HWH - H.W. Haberman, Brooklyn, New York
HWK - H. Worringen, Köln am Rhein (view)
H.W.M. - H. Wutz, München
H.W.P. Co. - Hoover-Watson Printing Co, Indianapolis, Indiana
H.W.S. - H.W. Smith & Son, Eastbourne, Sussex
Hydegrade - A.G. Hyde & Sons, New York

I

I.A. - International Art Co, London
I.A. Co - Inter-Art Co, London (view)
IB - Johannes Beyer, Zittau
I.C. - Ingram Clarke & Co Ltd, Ilfracombe, Devon
I. D. E. A. - Istituto di Edizioni Artistiche, Fratelli Alinari, Firenze (view)
Idéal - Béguin, Vichy & Saint-Gérand-le-Puy
Idéale - F. Beau, Avignon-Monclar (view)
I.F.A. - International Fine Art Co, Montreal, Quebec
I.L.M. Jr - I.L. Maduro Jr, Panama City
I.M.A. - Isaac M. Ahitouv, Istanbul
IMO - I. & M. Ottenheimer Co, Baltimore, Maryland (view)
IPA CT - Istituto Poligrafico Alterocca, Terni (view)
I.P.C. Co. - Imperial Post Card Co, Atlanta, Georgia
I P C Co - Import Post Card Co, Indiannapolis, Indiana
I.P.C. Co. - International Post Card Co, Montreal, Quebec
I.P.C.C. - Illustrated Post Card Co, New York
IPC&N Co - Illustrated Postal Card & Novelty Co, New York (view)
I.P.M. - Industries Photo-Mécaniques (F. Baroud), Paris (view) (view)
I.P.P. Co. - The Imperial Picture Post Card Co, London
I.R. - I. Robbins & Sons, Boston, Massachusetts
IRAS - I. Robbins & Son, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Iris - Théojac (Théo Bachellery), Limoges
I.R.N. - Imprimeries Réunies de Nancy, Nancy
I.R.S. - I. Robbins & Sons, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
I.S. - I. Steinfelt, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
IS - Ignatz Stern, New York
I.S.N. Co. - Interstate News Co, Minneapolis, Minnesota
I.T.S. Inc. - Inter Mountain Tourist Supply Co, Salt Lake City, Utah
I.V.M. - Isaria-Verlag GmbH, München
I.W.B. - J. Wollstein, Berlin (view)
IXL - The I.X.L. Co, Southend-on-Sea, Essex (view)

J

J - Jarrold & Sons, Norwich, Norfolk (view) (view)
J - Judges Ltd, Hastings, Sussex (view)
J. & Co. - Johnston's Art Stores, Niagara Falls, New York
J. & H. P. Printers - J. & H. Pocock, Oudtshoorn, Cape Province
J. & S. Ltd. T. on T. - J.M. Jackson & Son Ltd, Grimsby, Lincolnshire
JA - Jean Angelou, Paris
J.A. & Co. - J. Alderton & Co
JA & Co - J.W. Asher & Co, London
Ja-Ja - Stoddart & Co Ltd, Halifax, Yorkshire (view)
J.A.C. - J. Arnold, Colmar
JAY EM JAY - J.M. Jackson & Son, Grimsby, Lincolnshire (view)
J.B. - J. Basset, Lézignan-Corbières
J.B. - Julius Bendix, London
J.B. - J. Bourgogne, Château-Thierry
J.B. & Co. - J. Beagles & Co, London
JB Co - Julius Bien & Co, New York
J.B.E.N. - Jean Bernard, Nîmes
J.B.E.N.P. - Jean Bernard, Nîmes
JBH - J.B. Hoffman, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
JBT - J.-B. Talabot, Paris & Bordeaux
JBV ANVERS - J.-B. Verhoeven, Anvers
J.C.V. P.C. Co - John C. Voight Post Card Co, Jersey City, New Jersey
J.D. - Jean-Baptiste Deroye, Sens
J.D.K. - J.D. Kemp, Auckland
J.D.S. & Co. - J.D. Scott & Co, Edinburgh
J.D.V. - J. Delsart, Valenciennes
Jeanne d'Arc - Louis Marchand, Orléans
JFA - Johann F. Amonn, Bozen (view)
J.F.H. - John Feindt, Harburg
J.F.H. - James Francis (Frank) Hurley, Sydney
J.G. - James Gardner, Christchurch, NZ
J.G. - Editions J. Godneff, Aubervilliers
J.G. - J. Granet, Mexico City
J.G.B. - John G. Bain, Cape Town, Cape Province (view)
J. H. - J. Hauser, Paris (view)
JH&S - James Henderson & Sons Ltd, London (view)
J.J. - Jullien Frères, Genève (view) (view)
J.J.K. & Co. - J.J. Keliher & Co Ltd, London
J.J.N. & Co. - J.J. Newberry & Co, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania
J.K.A. - Jones, Keyser & Arras, New York
JKa - J.B. Kalinowski, Düsseldorf
J.K.N.Y. - Joseph Koehler, New York
JKO - Ignaz Kramer, Neu-Oderberg, Moravia-Silesia
J.K.T. - J. Kron, Trier
J.L. - J. Lacoste, Madrid
J.L.D. - A. M. Bliss & Co, Lewes, Sussex
J.L.M.Jr. - J.L. Mauro Jr., Panama City
JLR Co - J.L. Robbins Co, Spokane, Washington
JM - J. Miesler, Berlin
J.M. & Co. - J. Mandel & Co, London
J.M. & Co. [G] Ltd. - J.A. McCulloch & Co Ltd, Edinburgh & Glasgow
J.M.Co. G.& E. - J.A. McCulloch & Co, Glasgow & Edinburgh (view)
J.M.Co. Go.E. - J.A. McCulloch & Co, Gorgie, Edinburgh (view)
J.M.J. - J.M. Jackson & Sons, Teddington, Middlesex (in a diamond)
J.M.J. Co. - J.M. Jackson & Son, Grimsby, Lincolnshire
J.N. - J. Nock, London
Joco - Jones & Coleman, Auckland
JOS - Joseph Le Doaré, Châteaulin
J.P.B. - J.P. Bell Co, Lynchburg, Virginia
J.P.P. - J. Plichta, Praha
JR - J. Rubin Publishing Co, Newburgh, New York
J.R. - Jules-César Robuchon, Poitiers
J.R. & S. - J. Rock & Son, Belfast
J.R.B. - James Robert Bowles, Rottingdean, Sussex
J.R.H. - J. Raymond Howe, Chicago, Illinois
J R N - Jules Renoult, Nogent-le-Rotrou (view)
J.R.R.E. - J.R. Russell, Edinburgh
J.R.W. - J.R. Waeger, Echternach
J.S. - J. Samuels Ltd, London
J.S. - J. Solomon, New London, Connecticut
JS & Co. M - Jacob Silberstein & Co, München
JSCB - Jean Steiner & Co, Bâle
J.S.K. - Johann Saska, Krems
J.S.McD. - J.S. McDermott, St. Louis, Missouri
J.S.P. - J. Svec, Praha
J.S.W. - J.S. Wooley, Ballston Spa, New York
J.T. & Co. - John Thridgould & Co, London
JTB - J.-B. Talabot, Paris & Bordeaux (see JBT)
J.T.D. - J.Tošović, Dubrovnik
J.T.R. - John T. Ross, Whitby, Yorkshire (view)
J.T.S. - J. Thomas Smith, Baltimore, Maryland
J.V. - James Valentine & Sons, Dundee (view) (view) (view)
J/V - P.W. Judson & A.C. Veasey (view)
J.V.H. Co. - J.V. Hartman & Co, Boston, Massachusetts
J.W. - J. Wollstein, Berlin
JWA&Co - J.W. Asher & Co, London
J.W.B. - J.W. Bland, London
J.W.B. - J. Wollstein, Berlin
JWS - J. Welch & Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire (view)
JW&S - J. Welch & Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire

K

K - Koppell Color Cards, Hawthorne, New Jersey (view)
K. - Kyle Co, Louisville, Kentucky
K. - Yamadashi Kaigakenkyukai, Tokyo
K. & B.D. - Koch & Bitriol, Dresden
K. & F., L-M - Kunstverlag Koch und Frauenstein, Leipzig & München
K. & K. - Kettling & Kruger, Schalkmuhle
K+N - Knackstedt & Näther, Hamburg (view)
K Ltd - Kodak Ltd, London (photographic paper manufacturer) (view)
KAG - Granbergs, Stockholm (see G KA)
Karbo - Earle Photo Paper Co, Chicago, Illinois (photographic paper manufacturer)
K.B. & Co. - Karl Braun & Co, München & Berlin
KD - Cadé, Paris
K.E.B. - Verlag K. Essig, Basel
K.F. - Kunzli Frères, Paris
K.F.A.S. - Kensington Fine Art Society, London
K.G.G. - K. Glantschnigg, Graz (view)
K. G. H. - Kumm Gebrüder, Hamburg (view)
K.H.K.G. - K. Heinrich Krause, Großenhain
K.K. - Knud Knudsen, Bergen (view)
K.K. - Karl Kuhne, Wien
KK - Nakamura Photo Studio (中村寫眞舘) (view)
KL, H - Artur Klitzsch & Co, Den Haag (view)
KLE - Karl Liebhardt, Esslingen
KLM - Aerofoto Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., Schipol
K M - Konsum Fotocolor, Magdeburg
Kopal - Koch & Palm, Elberfeld
K P C C - Kansas Post Card Co, Salina, Kansas
Kruxo - Kilborn Photo Paper Co, Cedar Rapids, Iowa (photographic paper manufacturer)
K.S.C. - Kingston Souvenir Co, Kingston, New York
KTV - Tiroler Kunstverlag, Innsbruck (see TKV)
K.V.B. - Kunstanstalt Voremberg, Berlin
K.V.i.B. - Kunstanstalt Voremberg, Berlin (view)
K.W.H. - Karl Wülbern, Hamburg
K.W.M. - K. Witt-Mollers, København

L

L&B - Littauer & Boysen, Berlin
L. & B. - Landeker & Brown, London
L. & Co. G. - Löffler & Co, Greiz
L. & E. - Lubrie & Elkins, New York
L. & H. - Lichtenstern & Harari, Cairo
L. & H. - Lowman & Hanford Co, Seattle, Washington
L&LT - Lehnert & Landrock, Tunis
L & M - Lecoq et Mathorel, Alençon
L. & N. W. - The London and North Western Railway, Euston, London (view)
L. & N. W. R. - The London and North Western Railway, Euston, London (view)
L&P - Lederer & Popper, Praha & Leipzig
L&V Co - Leighton & Valentine, Dundee, Angus & Portland, Maine & Brooklyn, New York
LAPIE - Les Applications Photographiques d'Industrie et d'Édition, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés
L. B. - Editions Louis Burgy, Lausanne (view)
LC - Charles Collas et Cie, Cognac
L.C. Co. - Lofthouse, Crosbie & Co, London
L.D. - L. Dupont, Paris
L.-D. des G. - Louis-Didier des Gachons, Étampes
LEGIA - Phototypie Liègeoise, Liège
Leo - A. Lochard & Cie, Paris
LEONAR - Leonar-Werke Arndt & Löwengard, Wandsbek, Hamburg (photographic paper manufacturer) (view)
L. F. - Luigi Farina, Riva
LF - Labouche Frères, Toulouse (view) (view)
LFB - Lorenz Fränzl, Bozen
L.G. - William Lyon, Glasgow
L.G.N. - L. Gross, Nice
L'H. - A. L'Hoste, Paris (view) (view)
LH - Lichtenstern & Harari, The Cairo Postcard Trust, Cairo (view)
LIP - J. Cormault, Paris
L.J. - L.J. Le Littoral, Fécamp
L.K. & Sons - Louis Kaufmann & Sons, Baltimore, Maryland
L K F - L. Klement, Frankfurt am Main
LKH - Louis Koch, Halberstadt
LL - Labayen y Laborde S L, Tolosa
LL - Lévy Fils et Cie, Paris (pre-1920)/Lévy et Neurdein Réunis, Paris (1920-1932) (view) (view) (view) (view) (view) (view) (view)
L.L. - L. Langebartels, Berlin-Charlottenburg
L. L. B. - L. Lagaert, Bruxelles
L. L. Brux. - L. Lagaert, Bruxelles (view)
L.L.H. - Lilywhite Ltd, Halifax, Yorkshire
LLO - Louis Lenormand, Orléans
L.M. - Léon Ménard, Fontainebleau (view)
L.M. - Leo Meyer, Easton, Pennsylvania
LN - Laurent Nel, Rennes
LOCHINVAR - Nicholson & Carter, Carlisle, Cumberland
L.P. - Landscape, Photographic & Fine Art Publishers, Llandrindod Wells, Radnorshire
LP - Lansdowne Production Co/Lansdowne Publishing Co Ltd, London (view) (view) (view) (view)
L.P. - Lucien Pollet, Lille (view)
L.P. - L. Pons, Grenoble
L.P. & Co Ltd. - L. Pickles & Co Ltd
L.P. & F.A.P. - Landscape, Photo & Fine Art Publishers, Llandrindod Wells, Radnorshire
LS - Laffineur-Samin, Hautmont
LS - Lucien Scheitler, Albi
LS - L. Simonet, Bray-sur-Seine
L.S.B. - L. Saalfeld, Berlin
L.S.St. - L. Schaller GmbH, Stuttgart
L.S W.R. - The London and South Western Railway, Waterloo, London (view)
Ludo - Ludovic de Magallon, Paris
Lulu - L. Boisson, Paris
LuP - Lederer und Popper, Leipzig
LUX - Lang-Fils Aîné, Crest, Drôme
LUXOGRAPHIE - Alfred Noyer Studio, Paris (view)
LV - Louis Venot, Dijon
L.V. & Cie - Léopold Verger & Cie, Paris (view) (view)
L.V. Co. - Leighton & Valentine Co, New York
L.V. Co. - London View Co, London
L.V., phot. - Léopold Verger & Cie, Paris (view)
L.W. jr. & Co. H. - Louis Wagner jr & Co, Hamburg

M

M - Marcel Marron, Orléans (with a leaf)
M - E.G. May Soehne, Frankfurt am Main (sunburst)
M - Metropolitan Post Card Co (Metrocraft), Everett, Massachusetts
M - Mezzograph Co, Chicago, Illinois
M - K. Mikimoto, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
M - Miller Art Co, Brooklyn, New York (view)
M - G. Modiano & C, Milano & Genova
M&B - Meissner & Buch, Leipzig
M. & B. - Moriz & Barschall, Berlin
M. & B. N. - Moriz & Barschall, Neukoelln-Berlin
M. & B. R. - Moriz & Barschall, Rixdorf-Berlin
M & Co. - Misch & Co Ltd, London (view)
M. & Co. - Mills & Co Ltd, Portsmouth, Hampshire
M & Co - C. Modena & Co, London
M. & D. - Moore & Dewdney, London
M & L. - McVilly & Little, Hobart, Tasmania
M & L - Millar & Lang, Glasgow (view)
M and L - Millar & Lang Art Publishing Co, Glasgow (view)
M. & L., Ltd., G. - Millar & Lang Ltd, Glasgow (view)
M & M L - Mehner & Maas, Leipzig
M&R B - M. & R. Besso, Manchester, Lancashire
M. & S. - Misch & Stock, London
M&SJ - Mader & Springer, Isny im Allgäu
M & Z - Maison Mumm & Zaum, Bruxelles
MA - M. Abrams, Roxbury, Massachusetts
MAN - W.J. Hartman Co, Chicago, Illinois
Marco - Marco Marcovici, Bruxelles
MB - Marken & Bielfeld Inc, Frederick, Maryland (view)
M·B - Pierre Margerit-Brémond, Puy-en-Velay
M.B. - Meissner & Buch, Leipzig
M.B. - Moore Brothers, Compton, California
MB - Morris Berman, New Haven, Connecticut
M.B.E. - Kunstverlag Max Biegel, Elberfeld
M.B.S.C. Co. - Max B. Sheffer Card Co, Chicago, Illinois
Mc. - McKee Printing Co, Butte, Montana
Mc. & Co. - McCreery & Co, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
M. D. - Marcel Delboy, Bordeaux (view)
M.D. & Co. - Marcuse, Day & Co, London
ME & Co. - Max Ettlinger & Co, New York & London (view)
M.F. - M. Forcioly, Lyon
M.F. - Mexico Fotografico, Guadelupe
M.F.B. - F. Beau, Avignon-Monclar (view)
M.F.I. - Magyar Film Iroda, Budapest
MFIL - Malroux Frères Imprimeur Limoges, Limoges
MG&MH - M. Glueckstadt & Muenden, Hamburg
M.H. - Midas & Hahn, New Haven, Connecticut
MHR Co - Max H. Rudmann & Co, Cairo (view)
M.I.C. - Moïse Jsraelowitz, Constantinople
M.I. Co. - Metropolitan Importing Co, New York
MILTON - Woolstone Bros, London (view)
Mirelle - G. Gandini, Marseille
M.J. C. - Moïse Jsraelowitz, Constantinople (view)
MJR. B - Martin J. Ridley, Boscombe, Bournemouth, Hampshire
M.J.R.B - Martin J. Ridley, Boscombe, Bournemouth, Hampshire
M. J. R. — B. - Martin J. Ridley, Boscombe, Bournemouth, Hampshire (view)
M K - M. Kashower Co, Los Angeles, California
MK - Murray King, St Ives, Cornwall (view)
M.K. & T. - Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway, St. Louis, Missouri & Dallas, Texas
M.K.B. - Moderner Kunst-Verlag, Berlin
M.L. - Leo Meyer, Easton, Pennsylvania
M.L.S. & Co. - M.L. Samter & Co, New York
M. M. Br. - Marco Marcovici, Bruxelles
M.M. Series - Mark & Moody, Stourbridge, Staffordshire
M.M. Vienne - Max Munk, Wien
MN Co. - Metropolitan News Co, Boston, Massachusetts
Monarch - Malleable Iron Range Co, Beaver Dam, Wisconsin
MP - Moritz Prescher Nachfolger AG, Leipzig
MP Co - Majestic Publishing Co, Indianapolis, Indiana
MP Co - Manhattan Post Card Co, New York (view)
MP Co - Midland Publishing Co, New York
M.P. Co. - Miller Paper Co Inc, Syracuse, New York
MPPC Co. Ldn. - Midland Pictorial Postcard Co, London
M.R. - Mike Roberts, Berkeley, California
MS - M. Schulz, Praha
MS - Max Sinz, Dresden
M.S. Ld. - The Medici Society, London (view)
MS Ltd. - The Medici Society, London (view)
M.S.i.B. - Martin Schlesinger GmbH, Berlin
MSM - Magyar Sokszorosító Műipar, Budapest
M.S.O. - McCaw, Stevenson & Orr Ltd, Belfast
M.T. - Maurice Tesson, Imprimeur, Limoges (view)
MTIL - Maurice Tesson, Imprimeur, Limoges (view)
MV - Murray Views, Gympie, Queensland (view)
M.V.B. - Mecanophot, E. van Bosch, Strasbourg
M.W.&Co.,E. - Marshall Wane & Co, Edinburgh
MWM - Midwest Map Co, Aurora, Missouri
MZD - Moritz Zobel, Dresden

N

N - Paul Nadar, Paris
N - Neuheiten-Vertrieb ‘Novitas’, Berlin
N - Neuner Printing & Lithograph Co, Los Angeles, California
The N - The Northrop Drug Store, Pass Christian, Mississippi
N. Co. - Nerlich & Co, Toronto, Ontario
N. & C. - Nicholson & Carter, Carlisle, Cumberland
N. & O. - Nenke & Ostermaier, Dresden
N & O D - Nenke & Ostermaier, Dresden (view)
NB - N.G. Basevi, Milano
NBC - Neue Bromsilber-Convention, Berlin (photographic paper manufacturer) (view)
ND. - Neurdein Frères/Neurdein et Cie/Lévy et Neurdein Réunis, Paris (view)
ND Phot. - Neurdein Frères/Neurdein et Cie, Paris (view) (view) (view)
NEN Co - New England News Co, Boston, Massachusetts
Neuchrom - August Frey, Frankfurt am Main
N.F. - Norsk Folkemuseum, Oslo
N.F.A. Co. - National Fine Arts Co, New York
NG - Nouvelles Galeries, Dunkerque
NGZ - Neu-Graphic AG, Zürich
N.I.C. C.T. Ltd. - The Newman Art Publishing Co, Cape Town, Cape Province
N.J.P.C. Co. - New Jersey Post Card Co, Newark, New Jersey
NK - Noris Kunstverlag Emil Köhn, Nürnberg
NKG - Nordwestdeutscher Kunstverlag (Carl Hermann Adolf Wiechmann), Goslar
N M & A Co Ltd - Novelty Manufacturing & Art Co, Los Angeles, California
NORMAN - Shoesmith & Etheridge, Hastings (view) (view)
Novotaglio - Paul Fink, Berlin (view)
NPC - Northern Photo Co (James M Colby), Wausau, Wisconsin
NPC Co - Newman Post Card Co, Los Angeles, California
N.P.C. Co. - Novelty Post Card Co, Liverpool, Lancashire
NPG - Neue Photographische Gesellschaft AG, Berlin
N.P.O. - Northern Publishing Office, Belfast (view) (view) (view)
NRM - National Railway Museum, York (view)
N.S. - Narve Skarpmoen, Oslo (view)
NV CH - Neuland-Verlag, Charlottenburg, Berlin
N.W.A. Co. - North Wales Advertising Co, Rhyl, Flintshire
N.Y. & E.N. - New York & Eastern News Co, New Haven, Connecticut
NYZP - New York Zoological Society, New York

O

O - Edition Oliviery, Nanterre (with a twig)
O. & G.L. - Ormiston & Glass, London
O.C.P. Co. - Owen Card Publishing, Elmira, New York
OD&Co - Olga Diakow & Co, Berlin
O.D.S.S. Co. - Old Dominion Steamship Co, New York
O. F. - Oscar Flammger (Stengel & Co), London (view)
O.G.Z. - Otto Gustav Zehrfeld, Leipzig
O.G.Z.-L. - Otto Gustav Zehrfeld, Leipzig
OILETTE - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London (view)
OILFACSIM - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London (view)
O.K. - H.O. Korton, New York
O.K. News - O.K. News Corporation, Geneva, New York
O L - Orient Line, Orient Steam Navigation Co (view)
Olio - G. Ajelli & Co Ltd, London
OLM - Otto Leder, Meissen
O.N.C. - Oscar Newman Co, Los Angeles, California
O.N.C.P.O. - Oregon News Co, Portland, Oregon
O.P.F. - Osnabruecker Papierwarenfabrik, Berlin
ÖPG - Österreichische Photographische Gesellschaft, Wien
OR - OR Editions Artistiques, Reims
OS - Graphische Anstalt Otto Schloss, Berlin
OS - O. Spanoghe, Bruxelles
O.S. & P.C. Co. - Oceanic Stamp & Post Card Co, Sydney
OSB - Graphische Anstalt Otto Schloss, Berlin
O.Z.M. - Ottmar Zieher, München

P

P - Theodore Pearson Co, Minneapolis, Minnesota
P - The Platinachrome Co, New York (sunburst)
P - Louis Prang & Co, Boston, Massachusetts (with a rose)
P. & Co. - Purger & Co, München
P. & Co. - Perry & Co, Cape Town, Cape Province
P. & C.M. - Pace & Co, Milano
P. & S. - Perkins & Son, Lewisham, London
P. Co. - Photochrom Co Ltd, Tunbridge Wells, Kent (view)
P. Co. - Phototypie Co, Neuchâtel
P Co Ltd - Photochrom Co Ltd, Tunbridge Wells, Kent (view)
PA - Paul Allorge, Montlhéry
P.A. - Peter Alstrups Kunstforlag, København & Oslo
PAC - F. Pacalet, Lyon
PAG - Postkarten-Industrie A.G., Wien (view) (view)
PAP - Pages à Perpignan, Perpignan
P.A.P. - Photo Albert Perret, Pont-Saint-Esprit
P.B. - Pierson Bros, Binghamton, New York
P.C - S Anonyme des Papeteries de Levallois-Clichy, Paris (view)
PCK - Paul C. Koeber Co, New York & Kircheim unter Teck
P.C. L. - The Phototype Co, Leeds, Yorkshire (view)
P.C.N.C.L. - Post Card Novelty Co, Liverpool, Lancashire
PD - Pablo Dümmatzen, Barcelona (view)
P.D. - Paul Dupré, Saint-Quentin
PE CO - Photogelatine Engraving Co Ltd, Toronto, Ontario (view)
PEACOCK - The Pictorial Stationery Co Ltd, London (view)
PEC - P.E. Chauffourier, Roma
PELUBA - Peter Luhn, Barmen
PEQ - Quebec Photo Engravers, Quebec
PFB - Paul Fink, Berlin (view)
P F B - Paul Finkenrath, Berlin
PFV&Co - P.F. Volland & Co, Chicago, Illinois
P.F.W. - Kunstverlag Paul F. Weber, Leipzig
P.G. - Pierre Guinot, Brive
PH - Photochemie, Berlin (view)
P.H. & Cie - P. Helmlinger et Cie, Nancy
PH T - PH Topics, Basingstoke, Hampshire (view)
PhoB - Phototypie Belge, Bruxelles
PHOSTINT - The Detroit Publishing Co, Detroit, Michigan (view)
PHOTOLUX - American Art Postcard Co, Boston, Massachusetts
PHOTOLUX - Editions Gany, Paris (view)
P.I.B. - Phototypie Industrielle Belge, Bruxelles (view)
PJC - Percy Coleman, Playden, Sussex
P J G - P.J. Gallais et Cie, Paris
PKD - Platow's Kunstanstalt, Düsseldorf
P.L. - F. Pacalet, Lyon (view)
Plastichrome - Colourpicture Publishers Inc, Boston, Massachusetts (view)
PLATINO-PHOTO - The Pictorial Stationery Co Ltd, London (view)
PLP - Photo Litho Productions, Ilford, Essex
P.L.W. - P. Ledermann, Wien
PM - Perrochet-Matile, Lausanne
P.M. - Polyphot, München
P.M. & Co. - Pascalis, Moss & Co, London
P.M.B. - Peter Michaelis, Berlin
P.M.P. Co. - Pratt Mendson Paper Co, Des Moines, Iowa
PN - Peter Nagel, Frankfurt am Main (view)
P·N·C - Pacific Novelty Co, San Francisco, California
POSTIAG - Postkarten-Industrie A.G., Wien (view)
PP - Paul Pittius, Berlin (view)
P.P. - Photo Perrochet, Lausanne
P.P. & P. Co. - Photo Printing & Publishing Co, Croydon, Surrey
P.P. Co. - Pastel Publishing Co, London (view)
P.P. Co. - Philadelphia Postal Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
P.P. Co. - Phillips Printing Co, Los Angeles, California
P.P. Co. - Pictograph Publishing Co, London
P.P. Co. - Pillsbury Picture Co, Los Angeles & San Francisco, California
P.P. Co. - Press Photo Co (Edward Leonard Carr), Brighton, Sussex
P.P.A. - P. Pittier, Annecy
PPC - Philco Publishing Co, London (view)
P. P. C. - Phototypie Pierre Coltman, Paris (view)
PPC Co. - The Patton Post Card Co, Salem, Oregon (view)
PPC Co - Portland Post Card Co, Portland, Oregon (view)
P.P.L. - Pictorial Publications Ltd, Hastings, NZ
P.P.P. - Philadelphia Postal Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
P. R.A. - Verein Photographischer Reproduktions-Anstalten GmbH, Berlin (photographic paper manufacturer) (view)
P.R.P. - Paul Rebeilleau, Poitiers
P.R.V. Co. - Paul R. Vogel Co, Chicago, Illinois
P.S. - Philip Sander, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
P. S. & C. - Paul Schaefer & Co, Cape Town, Cape Province (view)
P.S. & V. - Perkins, Son & Venimore, Lewisham, London (view)
P. S. à D. - Paul Süss AG, Dresden (view)
P.T.A. - Photo Tourists' Association, Turnham Green, London
PTA - The Postcard Traders Association (view)
P.T.D. - Paul Troncquée, Dunkerque
P.T.L. - Leipziger Ansichtskartenfabrik Paul Trabert, Leipzig (view)
PVK Z - Postkartenverlag Künzli, Zürich (view) (view)
P.X. - Poux, Albi
P.Z. - Photoglob Co, Zürich (view)

Q

QM&C - Querrois Mayerhofer et Cie, Toulouse

R

R - The Rotograph Co, New York
R. & Co. - Richardson & Co, London
R. & Co. T. - Rumsey & Co, Toronto, Ontario
R&E B - Roukes & Erhart, Baarn
R. & J. D. - Römmler & Jonas, Dresden (view)
R & K L. - Regel & Krug, Leipzig (view)
R.A. - Radermacher, Aldous & Co, London
RA - R.A. Postcards Ltd (Radermacher, Aldous & Co), London (view)
R A - Uitgave Rembrandt, Amsterdam (view)
R.A. (Postcards) Ltd. - Radermacher, Aldous & Co, London (view) (view)
Rambler - Wrench Postcards Ltd, London (view)
The R.A.P. Co. Ltd. - Radermacher, Aldous & Co, London (view)
RAPCO - Regal Art Publishing Co, London
RAPID - Rapid Photo Printing Co Ltd, London (view)
R.A.T. & Co. Ltd. - R.A. Thompson & Co Ltd, Cape Town, Cape Province
R.B. - Rudolph Brothers, Syracuse, New York
RB Co - Robbins Brothers Co, Boston, Massachusetts
R.B. Ltd. - Rock Bros. Ltd, London
R.B.S. - R.B. Sekine, Tokyo
R.B., W. - Ramsden Brothers, Worthing, Sussex
R.D. - R. Dorange, Tours
RE - R.E. Bell, Ngaruawahia (in a bell)
R. E. C. A. - Tomašić & Co, Abbazia (view)
REALITY - A. & G. Taylor, London (view)
REIJU - Reinhold Jungels, Schaafheim & Mainz (view)
REX - S Anonyme des Papeteries de Levallois-Clichy, Paris
R.F.A. - Regent Fine Art Co Ltd, Belfast
R.F.H. - Regent Publishing Co, London
R.H. - J. Raymond Howe, Chicago, Illinois
Rico - Postkarten-Verlag C. Richter & Co, Leipzig (view)
RK & CO L - Robert Kathmann & Co, Leipzig
RKH - Rübezahl-Kunstverlag Höckendorf & Co, Hirschberg
RKW - Rheinische Kunstverlagsanstalt Heinrich Lenz, Wiesbaden
R. L. - R. Laville, Montluçon
ЯL H - R. Lederbogen, Halberstadt
R M - Rudolf Mosinger, Zagreb
RM - Rostan & Munier, Nice (view)
RN - Reinthal & Newman, New York
RN - Royer et Cie, Nancy
RN Co - Richmond News Co, Richmond, Virginia
R.O.F. - Reuchet Ougier, Fougerolles
Rokat - Robert Kathmann & Co, Leipzig
R.P. - R. Pruvost, Paris
R.P.C. - Rotary Photographic Co, London
RP Co - Royal Publishing Co, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
R.P. Co. - J. Rubin Publishing Co, Newburgh, New York
RPH - Rotophot GmbH, Berlin (view)
RPPC - Robert Peel Postcard Co, Oxford
R.R.R.E. - R.R. Ritchie, Edinburgh
RS - Ruskin Studio Art Press, London
RS - Rudolf Suter AG, Oberrieden
RT & S - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London (view)
R. T. & S. Ltd. - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London
RTBF - Radio-Télévision Belge de la Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles
R.T.S. - The Religious Tract Society, London
RZN - Roberto Zedda, Napoli (view)

S

S - A.W. Santway, New York
S - Adolph Selige Publishing Co, St. Louis, Missouri (on the sail of a boat)
S - Rudolph Stolle, Bad Harzburg (in a heart)
S - Frank Meadow Sutcliffe, Whitby (with a flower)
S & D - Sanderson & Dixon, Ambleside, Westmorland (view)
S & D TRIER - Schaar & Dathe, Trier
S. & E. - Shoesmith & Etheridge, Hastings, Sussex
S. & E. Ltd. - Shoesmith & Etheridge, Hastings, Sussex (view)
S&GS - S. & G. Saulsohn, Berlin
S. & G. S. i. B. - S. & G. Saulsohn, Berlin
S & K - Suhling & Koehn, Chicago, Illinois
S. & M. - Strauss & Muller, New York & Berlin
S&S - O. Schaefer & Scheibe, Berlin & Lichtenberg
S. & S. Co. - S. & S. Post Card Co, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania
S Co - Schmidt Brothers & Co, Chicago, Illinois
S. Co. - Sinsel & Co, Leipzig
S. Co. N. - Serz & Co, Nürnberg
S a - Steingart Associates Inc, South Fallsburg, New York
S.A.D.A.G. - Société Anonyme des Arts Graphiques, Sécheron, Genève (view)
S.A.F. - Société des Artistes Français, Paris (view)
SAIA - Société Anonyme d'Impression Artistique, Bruxelles
SANBRIDE - Hood & Co, Middlesbrough, Yorkshire (view)
SAP - Société des Auteurs Photographes, Paris
SAPSCO - South African Photo & Stereo Company, Johannesburg, Transvaal
Satrap - Schering AG, Berlin (photographic paper manufacturer)
SB - Samson Brothers, New York
SB - Schild-Bichsel, Brienz (view)
SB - Selmar Bayer, Berlin
SB - Solomon Brothers, London
SBP - Société Anonyme Belge de Phototypie/Société Belge de Phototypie, Bruxelles
SBW - S. Blüh, Wien
SC - The American Scene, New Haven, Connecticut
SC Co - Sandford Card Co, Dansville, New York
S.C., H. - Samuel Combridge, Hove, Sussex (view)
SCH. K.V. - Schwabischer Kunstverlag Hans Boettcher, Stuttgart
Schw. K.V. - Schwabischer Kunstverlag Hans Boettcher, Stuttgart
SD - Schneider-Destree, Bruxelles
SDT - Schaar & Dathe, Trier
S.E.C. - Società Editrice Cartoline, Torino
SE C D - Sallo Epstein & Co, Durban, Natal (view)
SEDA - Grafia, Sezione Edizione d'Arte, Roma (view)
SEI - Società Editrice Internazionale, Napoli
SEI P - Società Editrice Internazionale, Parma (view)
SEIDENSTOFF-FABRIK-UNION - Adolf Grieder & Cie, Luzern (view)
SELECTA - Lévy Fils et Cie, Paris (pre-1920)/Lévy et Neurdein Réunis, Paris (1920-1932) (view)
S.F. - S. Farges, Lyon
SFE - Société Française d'Electrographie, Neuilly-sur-Seine
S.F.S. - Surrey Flying Services, Croydon, Surrey (view)
SG - Société Graphique, Neuchâtel
S.G.S. - S. & G. Saulsohn, Berlin
SH - Siegmund Hildesheimer & Co, London & Manchester
SH & Co. - S Hildesheimer & Co, London & Manchester (view)
SILVERETTE - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London (view)
S.I.P. - Société Industrielle de Photographie, Paris
SJH - S.J. Hayward, Montreal, Quebec
S.K. & Co. - S.H. Knox & Co, Chicago, Illinois& Buffalo, New York
SL & CO. - Samuel Langdorf & Co, New York
S.L. & Co. - Stecher Lithographic Co, Rochester, New York
S.L. Co. - Security Lithograph Co, San Francisco, California
S.L.J.F.F. - Schöneberger Luxuspaper-Industrie Felix Freund, Schöneberg-Berlin
SM - S. Matsuyama, Japan
S.M. Co. - Salzburg’s Merchandise Co, Atlantic City, New Jersey
SMN - Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland, Rotterdam
SMPP - Société Moderne de Presse et de Publications, Charvieu-Chavagneux
S.N. Co. - Scranton News Co, Scranton, Pennsylvania
SN Co - Smith News Co, San Francisco, California
Solio - Eastman Kodak Co, Rochester, New York (photographic paper manufacturer)
S.P.B., P.E. - S.P. Bartlett, Port Elizabeth, Cape Province
S.P. Co. - Standard Publishing Co, Cincinnati, Ohio
SPA - Salon de Paris Association (Société des Artistes Français) (view) (view) (view)
SPARO - Gebr. Spanjersberg N.V., Rotterdam (view)
S P C Co. - Spokane Post Card Co, Spokane, Washington
S P C Co - Souvenir Post Card Co, New York (in a diamond)
S P C Co - Standard Post Card Co, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
S.R. - Santos Rocha, Lisboa (view)
S.R. & Co. - Scott Russell & Co, Birmingham, Warwickshire
S.S. - Samuel Strauss, Brooklyn, New York
ST - Sainte Thérèse de l'Enfant Jésus, Lisieux
St. & Co. à D. - Stengel & Co, Dresden (view)
ST & Co. D. - Stengel & Co, Dresden (view)
St & L F - Graphische Verlagsanstalt Stern und Löb, Frankfurt am Main & London
St.F.Z. - Stehli Frères, Zürich (view)
St.L.P.C. Co. - St. Louis Post Card Co, St Louis, Missouri
St P S S Co - St Paul Souvenir Co, St Paul, Minnesota
STA - Stabilimento Tipografico Alterocca, Terni (view)
STAR - Héliotype De Graeve, Gand (view)
STYLOCHROM - The Pictorial Stationery Co Ltd, London (view)
SuSB - Stern & Schiele, Berlin
S.V.C. Co. - Scenic View Card Co, San Francisco, California

T

Ŧ - Thibault, Fontainebleau (view)
T - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London (view)
T&M - Trapp & Münch, Berlin (photographic paper manufacturer)
T. Co. - Trinks & Co, Leipzig
TA Co. - Taylor Art Co, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
TA Co - Tichnor Art Co, Los Angeles, California
Tannenzweig - B. Schwenke, Königstein
TAP - Transportes Aereos Portugueses, Lisbon
TB - Th. Boehm, Nové Mesto nad Metuji, Bohemia
T.B. - Thomas Bolton, Ely, Cambridgeshire
TB - Tichnor Brothers Inc, Boston & Cambridge, Massachusetts
T.B.C. - The Bagley Co, East Liverpool, Ohio
T.B.M. - Tacon Bros, Manchester, Lancashire
TCF - Touring Club de France, Paris
Teco - Trinks & Co, Leipzig (view)
T.E.L. - Theodor Eismann (Theochrome), New York
ThE - Theodor Eismann, Leipzig & New York
ThEL - Theodor Eismann, Leipzig (view) (view)
Th.G. - Théodule Garnon, Orléans
Th.K.H. - Theodor Klemm, Harburg
Theochrom - Theodor Eismann, Leipzig
Théojac - Théo Bachellery, Limoges
THC Ltd - The Heliotype Co Ltd, Ottawa, Quebec
T.I.C. - Thomas Illingworth & Co, London (photographic paper manufacturer) (view)
Tintopho - Raphael Tuck & Sons, London (view)
Tito - M. Berjaud, Bordeaux
T K - T. Kishida & Co, Shanghai
TKV - Tiroler Kunstverlag, Innsbruck (view)
TM - Alberto Traldi, Milano (view)
tma - Trans Maldivian Airways, Male (view)
T. M. K. - Timinsky, Paris (view)
T.N.L. - T.N. Leggett, Halifax, Yorkshire
T.N.Y.N. Co. - The New York Novelty Co, New York
TOKIM - Charles F. Kimble & Sons Ltd, London (view)
T.P. & CO. N.Y. - Taylor, Pratt & Co, New York
TR - Tichenor & Rudolph, Middletown, New York
TR Co - The Rose Co, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
TS - Tecnograf S.p.A., Palermo
TS - Theodor Stroefer, Nürnberg
TS - Trautmann & von Seggern, Hamburg
TS Co - The Simplicity Co, Grand Rapids, Michigan
T.S.B. - Théodore Schüller, Bruxelles
T.S.N. - Theodor Stroefer, Nürnberg (view)
T.S.P. - The Sparrell Print, Boston, Massachusetts
T.T. & S. - Thomas Taylor & Son, Scarborough, Yorkshire (view)
TWA - Transcontinental & Western Airlines/Trans World Airlines, New York

U

U - Ullman Manufacturing Co, New York
U&U - Underwood & Underwood, New York
UA Co - United Art Co, Boston, Massachusetts
UN CO - Union News Co, New York & Pittsburgh (view)
UNIS FRANCE - Catala Frères, Paris (printer) (view)
U.P.S. - United Photographic Stores, Montreal, Quebec
USL - United States Lines, New York
U.S.S.P.C. Co. - United States Souvenir Post Card Co, New York

V

V. & Cie. - Vanderanwera et Cie, Bruxelles
V & Cie. - Vouga et Cie, Genève
V. & J. C. - V. & J. Cumbo, Gibraltar
V. & S. - Valentine & Sons, Dundee
V. & S. Ltd., D. - Valentine & Sons, Dundee
V. & Sons - The Valentine & Sons Publishing Co Ltd, Montreal, Toronto & Winnipeg (view)
VALESQUE - Valentine & Sons Ltd, Dundee & London (view) (view)
V.B. - Valentine Black & Co, Toronto, Canada
V.C. - Vincenzo Carcavallo & C, Napoli
VC - Vincent V. Colby, Denver, Colorado
V.C.H. - V.C. Hellier, Bexhill-on-Sea, Sussex
V.D.C. - Veuve Durand & Cie, Clermont-Ferrand
V.D.C.B. - Carl van den Boogaart, Wiesbaden
VED - Victor Ernult Doncq, Bruxelles (view)
Velox - Eastman Kodak Co, Rochester, New York (photographic paper manufacturer)
V.F. - Valentine Frères, Bruxelles
VFM - Verlag Franz Mörtl, Wien
VH - Van Hoecke, Bruxelles
VH - Vickery & Hill Publishing Co, Augusta, Maine
VHG - Verlag Hans Glogner, Neckargemünd
VH O - Theo von Hemert en Zoon, Oosterhout
VIC - View Card Issuing Co Ltd, Manchester, Lancashire
V. J. D. - V.J. Dunbar, Ashfield, New South Wales (view)
VKD - Vereinigte Kunstdruckereien Metz & Lautz, Darmstadt
V. K. K. V. - Václav Krátkoruký, Královské Vinohrady, Praha (view)
VMM - Valsts Mākslas Muzeja, Riga
VNC - Van Nuys Interstate Co, Van Nuys, California
VNI Co - Van Nuys Interstate Co, Van Nuys, California
V.P.F. Déposé - Preaux Frères, Ghlin
VS - Valentine-Souvenir, New York
V.S.M. - Victoria Stamp Market (Fritz Pleus), Melbourne
VWS - Walker’s Post Card Shop, Rochester, New York
VO-DW - Van Os-De Wolf, Anvers (view)

W

W - Photobrom, Wien
W - Hiram Walker & Sons, Walkerville, Ontario
W - Whitney Valentine Co, Worcester, Massachusetts (usually red)
W - C.R. Wiatschka, Wien
W - J.I. Williams, Worcester, Massachusetts
W - W. Kirchbach, Rosswein (below a crown)
W - F.W. Woolworth & Co, New York (view)
W & Co - Wolf & Co, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
W & K - Wilt & Kray, London (view)
W. & K. Ltd. - Watkins & Kracke, London
W&L M - W. & L. Midas, New Haven, Connecticut
W&N A.G.L. - Wezel & Naumann AG, Leipzig
W & S - W & S Ltd, Clacton-on-Sea (view)
W. & S. H. - Weeneck & Snel, Den Haag (view)
W&S R - W & S, Rotherham (view)
W. & T.G.L. - W. & T. Gaines, Leeds, Yorkshire
W&W - Wellington & Ward, Elstree, Hertfordshire (photographic paper manufacturer) (view)
WA - Charles Wesley Andrews, Portland, Oregon
WA - W. Anger, Tübingen
WA - World Air Simulation (view)
W.A. & S. - William Ashton & Sons, Southport, Lancashire
W.A. & S.S. - William Ashton & Sons, Southport, Lancashire
W.A.F. - W.A. Field, London
WB - W. Baylis Post Card Co, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
W.B. - Walter Bennett, Brighton
W.B. - William Brooker, Eastbourne, Sussex (view)
W-B. - H.C.B. Wylde-Brown, Estcourt, Natal
WB - F. Walschaerts, Bruxelles
WB - Woolstone Brothers, London
WB&Co - Wilhelm Bernhard & Co, Berlin
W.B. & Co. A. - William Beattie & Co, Auckland
W B & R - Warwick Brothers & Rutter, Toronto, Ontario
W.B.A. - William Billyard Allison, Arundel, Sussex
W.B.L.H. - W.B. Levy, Hamburg
W.C.A. - War Correspondents' Association, New York & London
W.D.M. & Co. - W. Dennis Moss & Co, Cirencester, Gloucestershire (view)
WE - William Edmondson, Howarth, Yorkshire (view)
WEAG - Waldheim-Eberle A.G., Wien
W.E.B. & Co. - W.E. Byers & Co, London (view)
Weco - Hans Wiesner & Co, Berlin
Weekly Tale-Teller - Shurey's Publications (view)
WELGO - Messrs Wellens & Godenne, Brussels & Chicago
WENAU - Wezel & Naumann, Leipzig
W.F., H. - Wilhelm Flohe, Hamburg
W.F. Nfl. - Wilhelm Flohe Nachfolger, Hamburg
WFB - Wilhelm Frey, Basel
WGH - William G. Hoffman, Chicago, Illinois
WH - Wolff Hagelberg, Berlin (view)
WH - W. Heitkamp, Bielefeld
WH - Wilhelm Herrmann, Dessau
WH A.G. - Wolff Hagelberg AG, Berlin
WH Co - Williamson-Haffner Engraving Co, Denver, Colorado (view)
W.H. Ltd. - Leonard Wiseman Horner, Hastings, Sussex
W.H.A. - W.H Applebee, Ashford, Middlesex (view) (view)
WH B - Wolff Hagelberg, Berlin
W.H.B. - W.H. Bechtel, Asbury Park, New Jersey
WH.H - Willy Hoehl, Hannover
WHH - Willy Hoehl, Hannover
WHS - W.H. Smith & Son, London (view)
W.H.S. & S. - W.H. Smith & Son, London
W. H. S. & S. - W.H. Smith & Son, Sheffield (view)
W.H.S. & S., B. - W.H. Smith & Son, Bristol (view)
W H S & S. H - W.H. Smith & Son, Harrogate
W. H. S. & S. LDN. - W.H. Smith & Son, London (view)
W.H.S. & S., N. - W.H. Smith & Son, Newcastle upon Tyne
W.H.S. & S.S. - W.H. Smith & Son, Sheffield
W H W - Winterhilfswerk des Deutschen Volkes
WI-KO - W. Kobald, Wien
Wia - Künstlerkarten-Verlag, Teplitz-Schönau
Wiro - C.F. Wiedemann, Roda
W.J. - W. Jacobsen, Kiel
WJ Co - William Jubb Co, Syracuse, New York
WK - W. Kardonski, Colon
W.L. Bp. - Weisz Lipot, Budapest
WLE - W.L. Erwin, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
W.M.B. - W. Meyerheim, Berlin
WML Co - White Mountain Letter Co, Plymouth, New Hampshire
WMPEL - White Mountain Post Card Co, White Mountain, New Hampshire
W N C - The Washington News Co, Washington DC (view)
W.N.S.B. - W.N. Sharpe Ltd, London & Bradford, Yorkshire
WP Co - The Williamsport Paper Co, Williamsport, Pennsylvania
W.R.M. - Walter Roberts Merryman, Haverhill, Massachusetts
WRM & Co - Walter R. Miller & Co, Binghampton, New York
WR&S - William Ritchie & Sons Ltd, Edinburgh (view) (view)
W.R.T. & Co. - W.R. Thompson & Co, Richmond, Virginia
WS - Walter Scott, Bradford, Yorkshire (view)
W S+S B - Wilhelm S. Schroeder Nachfolger (Max Wollstein), Berlin (view)
W S&S St - W. Springer & Söhne, Straßburg im Elsaß
W.S.B. - Weenenk & Snel, Baarn
W.S.B. - W. Shaw, Burslem, Staffordshire
W.S. (Devon) Ltd. - Wholesale Stationers (Devon) Ltd, Torquay
W.S.H. - W.S. Heal, New York
W.S.J. - W. Saphra, Johannesburg, Transvaal
W.S.T.- W. Spiro, Tarnów
W. St. B. - J. Wollstein, Berlin
WuV L. - Verlag Winkler und Voigt, Leipzig (view)
WV - Wiechmann Verlag, München
W W - Dresdner Photochemische Werke Fritz Weber, Heidenau-Dresden (photographic paper manufacturer)
W.V.S. - W. van Stalle, Bruxelles (view)

X

XF - Verlag Xaver Frey, Basel
X X - Imprimerie Nouvelle Photographique, Paris (view)

Y

Y & C - Young & Cooper, Maidstone, Kent (view)
Y.C. - Collection Yorel, Hesdin
YC - Young & Co, Teddington, Middlesex
Yobled - Marcel Delboy, Bordeaux
Yvon - Pierre-Yves Petit, Paris (view)

Z

Z - Zobel-Verlag (Wolf Zobel), Stuttgart
ZDF - Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen, Mainz
ZE - Zeppelin-Eckener-Spende, Berlin
Z.F. B.-A. - Z. Fumagalli, Buenos Aires
ZIM - H.G. Zimmerman & Co, Chicago, Illinois
ZV - Ziethen Verlag GmbH, Pulheim
ZZ - L. François, Marcigny (view)

Other Alphabets

СХ - Советский Художник, Москва (Soviet Artist, Moscow) (view)
ΔΕΛΤΑ - Εμμανουήλ Διακάκης και Υιός, Απελλού, Αθήνα (DELTA - Emmanuel Diakakis and Son, Apellou, Athens)
Υ.Δ.Α.Π. - Υπουργείο Παιδείας, Αθήνα (Ministry of Education, Athens) (view)